Let’s talk about loans …

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O.K. maybe not loans, but I think everyone should have a short primer regarding how folks pay for a house.  It really doesn’t matter if it is a co-op, a condo, a town home or a single family home.  One of the basic rules of contract law includes the need for consideration. Consideration is just a fancy legal term for money. If you want to buy a house, you have to be able to produce the funds at settlement.

Now, if you happen to be loaded and can pay cash for the house, well you can either read through this for information, or you can check out another one of the articles I have written. For those of you that want to buy a home and don’t have cash on hand, this is for you.

For purposes of example, I will use a $500,000 purchase price. You and the seller have agreed on the price. Well now, wait a minute, let’s back up. You really should have an idea about all of this before you begin looking for a home.  The very first question you have to ask yourself after deciding you want to own a home of your own is how much can I pay for a home (keeping mindful that your comfort level should be dictated by what you can afford and not what you would like).

I am not a lender. I can only give you general advice in this area. Let’s make that specific advice. After reading this primer, talk to a bonafide lender! Then talk to another. Keep talking until you find one that you are comfortable with. They will provide the rock that your dreams of owning a home will be built upon. The lender will gather information about you and tell you what you can borrow.

The most basic loan is a conventional loan.  Lenders like this sort of loan because it requires that the borrower (you) contribute at least a 20% down payment.  In the example of a $500.000 purchase, you will be putting at least $100,000 down and the lender will provide the rest of the money. Each month you will make a payment that includes principal and interest.  If you do not have 20% down, you can receive a gift from parents or grandparents or anyone to make up the difference. You will need to provide the lender with proof that it is in fact a gift and not a loan. If you just don’t have the 20% down, you have other options.

The FHA guarantees loans. That just means that your lender will have insurance that some of the money you borrowed is guaranteed to be paid back. If you default, the insurance involved steps in. This guarantee allows lenders to loan money to people that don’t have the 20% down payment available. You still have to have at least 3.5% of the purchase price available, and there are limits on how much money you can borrow. The credit demands are a bit less restrictive. Oh, and you still go through the underwriting process. The FHA has rules about who can qualify and their criteria must be met. Every month you will have a payment that includes principal and interest and the mortgage insurance premium (yep, you have to pay the insurance. if you don’t like that, put 20% down).

Veterans have loan guarantees available to them as well. They can get a VA loan. This type of loan is from lenders but it is guaranteed by the Veteran’s Administration. Another feature of the VA loan is that you don’t have to have any money down. This sounds great, but the flip side is that you will have a higher mortgage and you will have  VA fee as well. The VA doesn’t lend the money. Just like the FHA, they guarantee a portion of the loan. That’s right, you pay the premium for the protection.

In some areas, the USDA guarantees loans. It is very similar to the VA in that, you don’t have to put any money down. Again, remember your loan amount will be higher and your payments will be higher as well. This is a great program if you are purchasing a home in an area where these loans are available.

Of course there are all sorts of hybrid loan types out there. There are terms that vary with lenders.

Things to know.  An ARM is an adjustable rate mortgage.  Simply put, the interest rate is fixed for a short term and then it can go up or down depending on the market. Usually, there is a cap on the interest rate (i.e. the highest amount the interest can be).  Lenders offer these loans at attractive rates. You should always consider what you can afford at the market rate today, that means the size mortgage you are comfortable paying at market rates.  Use the lower rate as a saving not a method to qualify for more home  (if variable rates are lower, borrow less and invest the saved money). NOTE: that is just my opinion. I really believe borrowing money, hoping that your income will go up when the rates go up is a fast track to foreclosure.

An interest only loan is another product some lenders offer. Not a bad deal for the lender. You move in. You pay interest on the loan until the interest only term runs out and then your payment shoots up like a rocket ship on rails. Oops. You can’t pay and the home goes into foreclosure. Interest only loans only have the interest of the lender at heart.

So it is not really confusing. There is a conventional loan and then there are other products available to those that do not have sufficient money saved to buy a home. Lots of people have used the FHA guaranteed loans and VA guaranteed loans and USDA supported loans. They are good loans. As a matter of fact, all loan products are good products if they are used by the right borrower.

Buying a home is a major step. I think it is wise to have some money set aside to invest in your purchase.  Of course, you may use a loan product that does not require that you put that money into the purchase of the home. Home ownership is not cheap. The money should be set aside for maintenance and upkeep. It will be your home after all.

If you have any questions, talk to your lender. If you are in the DC area and do not have a lender, I will provide you with a list of three names. You can call them all.

Once you have been pre-approved and are ready to begin the search, well, that”s my area of expertise. Once you are in my hands, I will review where you are with the lender, offer some advice about fine tuning the financing and then I will listen to you tell me a tale of your dreams and set out to assist you in making those dreams come true.

As always, I am only a phone call away…. 301-509-5111

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